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Rufous Crab Hawk - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Luis R
Caño Ajies, Estado Sucre, Venezuela, 22 June 2008
Buteogallus aequinoctialis


Photo © by alexandre vinot
Kourou French Guiana, December 2007

42–47 cm (16½-18½ in)

  • Sooty-black head, throat and hind neck
  • Darkish brown on wings and back
  • Rufous wing panel
  • Short wings
  • Short tail: black with white tip


South America: found from North East Venezuela (Orinoco delta), through French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname to eastern Brazil (Paraná). Also in Trinidad and Tobago


This is a monotypic species[1].


Coastal lowland swamps, mangroves, wet savannas and river edges.


Photo © by rka
Brickfield, Trinidad, October 2018


Their diet consists almost entirely of crabs.


They mostly nest in mangroves. Their twiggy nest is lined with leaves.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Bierregaard, R. O., G. M. Kirwan, P. F. D. Boesman, and C.J. Sharpe (2020). Rufous Crab Hawk (Buteogallus aequinoctialis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.ruchaw1.01

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