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Red-backed Buttonquail - BirdForum Opus

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Turnix maculosus
Photo by James Eaton
Palu, Sulawesi


12-16 cm and weight 35-45 g. Black spots and bars over pale or deep-buff on the sides of the breast, flanks and wing-coverts; rufous-brown or chestnut hindneck-collar and shoulder-patch, fine yellow bill.


Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and Solomon Islands.



  • T. m. beccarii - Sulawesi, Muna and Tomia I. (Tukangbesi Islands)
  • T. m. kinneari - Peleng I. (Banggai Islands off e Sulawesi)
  • T. m. obiensis - Obi I., Kai Kecil I. (Kai Islands) and Babar I.
  • T. m. sumbanus - Sumba I. (Lesser Sundas)
  • T. m. floresianus - Lesser Sundas (Sumbawa, Komodo, Padar, Flores and Alor)
  • T. m. maculosus - Lesser Sundas (Rote, Semau, Timor, Wetar, Moa and Kisar)
  • T. m. savuensis - Sawu I. (Lesser Sundas)
  • T. m. saturatus - Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain and Duke of York)
  • T. m. fulvus - Huon Peninsula (ne New Guinea)
  • T. m. giluwensis - E-central New Guinea
  • T. m. horsbrughi - S New Guinea
  • T. m. mayri - Louisiade Archipelago
  • T. m. salomonis - Guadalcanal I. (Solomon Islands)
  • T. m. melanotus - N and e Australia


Near water, including grasslands and sedgelands near creeks, swamps, springs, marshes, and wetlands.


They make their nests in a shallow depression, lined with grass and ground litter.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.

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