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Moustached Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

Actenoides bougainvillei

Includes: Guadalcanal Moustached Kingfisher; Bougainville Moustached Kingfisher


30-32 cm. A distinctive, large kingfisher.

  • Orange-rufous head, mantle and underparts
  • Purple-blue back, scapulars and tertials
  • Purple-blue eyestripe, meeting across nape
  • Purple-blue moustache, wings and tail
  • Pale bue rump
  • Red bill, feet and legs
  • female excelsus is more extensive green on back and has paler underparts

Females are similar to males but with olive-green lower back, scapulars and tertials. Juveniles undescribed.


Found on Bougainville (Papua New Guinea) and Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands).
A rare species, not reliably reported from Bougainville since the 1930's, however a pair obviously seen at a nest-hole in late 1980's. More common but very locally on Guadalcanal.


Two subspecies recongized, sometimes split in two species:


Moist lowland forest and montanes.
In the 1990's heard calling from patches of closed-canopy montane forest between 1000 and 1550m, not recorded in secondary forest.



Reported to take stick-insects and frogs.


No detailed information. Reported to nest in holes in riverbanks, in the ground and in arboreal ant nest.


Presumably a sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.4). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)

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