• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Green Jay - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Inca Jay)
Subspecies C. y. galeatus
Photo © by Robert Scanlon
La Suiza Nature Reserve near Pereira, Colombia, May 2004
Cyanocorax yncas

Includes Inca Jay


25 - 27cm (9¾-10½ in) A distinctive jay with pronounced racial variation:

  • Green tail with yellow outer feathers and yellow under-tail coverts.
  • Cheeks, throat and upper breast are black.
  • Forcrown and moustache-streaks are blue. Hindcrown bluish or white
  • Whitish forehead and eyebrow streak.
  • Eyes yellow or dark brown.
  • Bill and legs black.
Subspecies C. y. luxuosus
Photo © by assayer
Laguna Atascosa NWR, Texas, November 2004

Juveniles duller black areas, blues more greenish, and under parts paler.


North, Central and South America: found in southern Texas (USA), Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Bolivia.



There are 12 subspecies[1], in two major groups which are now widely treated as separate species[2]:

  • Cyanocorax (yncas) luxuosus – Green Jay. Mexico, southernmost USA, Central America. Underparts light green; head with blue crown, not tufted, and dark iris.
Subspecies C. y. yncas
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Abra Patricia, Amazonas Department, Peru, November 2013
    • C. y. speciosus: Pacific slope of western Mexico (Nayarit and Jalisco)
    • C. y. vividus: Pacific slope of southern Mexico (Colima) to western Guatemala
    • C. y. luxuosus: Southern Texas (Rio Grande Valley) to eastern Mexico (Puebla and Veracruz)
    • C. y. centralis: South-eastern Mexico (Tabasco) to Belize, eastern Guatemala and Honduras
    • C. y. maya: South-eastern Mexico (Yucatán Peninsula) and extreme southern Quintana Roo
    • C. y. cozumelae: Cozumel Island
  • Cyanocorax yncas (sensu stricto) – Inca Jay. Northern South America. Underparts bright yellow; head with white crown, raised tuft above bill, and yellow iris.
    • C. y. galeatus: Subtropical central Colombia (west of Eastern Andes)
    • C. y. cyanodorsalis: Eastern Andes of Colombia and north-western Venezuela
    • C. y. andicolus: Mountains of northern Venezuela
    • C. y. guatimalensis: Coastal cordillera of northern Venezuela
    • C. y. yncas: Subtropical south-western Colombia to Ecuador, Peru and central Bolivia
    • C. y. longirostris: Northern Peru (arid upper Marañón Valley)


Sub-tropical thorn scrub and riparian woodland. Observed at heights around 2,000 m.


Seen in parties outside breeding season.


Acorns, seeds Texas Palmetto (ebony in winter), grasshoppers, crickets and other insects.


Nest (north range April and May) in dense thickets. A thorny twig platform, rootlet, vine, moss and grass lining - eggs can be seen through nest. Two broods per season.
Eggs three to five greyish-white, greenish-white or buff background. Covered in brown, grey and lavender spots - concentrated around larger end.


Call high pitched and harsh - commonly one long then three short.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1