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Golden Swallow - BirdForum Opus

ssp sclateri
Photo by caribemotion
Sierra de Bahoruco, Dominican Republic
Tachycineta euchrysea



  • Strongly iridescent bronzy green to coppery bronze above, often appearing golden
  • Dusky bronze-green wings and tail
  • Slightly forked tail
  • White underparts
  • Dusky underwing-coverts with bronze-green margins

Female similar but duller iwth some grey-brown mottling on breast. Juveniles are duller and browner.


Subspecies T. e. sclateri less golden, with longer wings, smaller bill and deeper tail fork


Found on Jamaica and Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic).
Has a small and fragmented range and is very rare and local. Only few recent records from Jamaica.



There are two subspecies[1]:

Sometimes placed in a separate genus Lamprochelidon or Kalochelidon.


Humid montane forest and pine forest, also secondary forest. Forages also over open country and cultivation.
Occurs up to 2000m.



They hawk (alone or in small groups) often low to the ground, for beetles and wasps.


Breeding season June to July in Jamaica, also April in Haiti.
Nests often colonial. The nest is placed in a cavity like an old woodpecker hole, a dead pine tree, in a cave, among boulders in old mines or in buildings. Lays 2-4 eggs.


A resident species, may move to lower altitudes after breeding.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2004. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 9: Cotingas to Pipits and Wagtails. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334696
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2014)

Recommended Citation

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