- Quiscalus quiscula
Male 27·2 cm (10¾in); female 26 cm (10¼ in). Smaller than American Crow
- Bright eyes
- Faint blue, green, or bronze iridescent hood
- Long, heavy bill
- Keel-shaped tail
United States and Canada from Saskatchewan, Montana, eastern Idaho, eastern Utah, Colorado, eastern New Mexico, and Texas throughout the east.
Casual vagrant in the western United States.
This is a polytypic species, consisting of three subspecies:
- Q. q. stonei:
- Eastern US (south-western Connecticut to Alabama and northern Georgia); winters to Florida
- Q. q. quiscula:
- South-eastern US (southern Louisiana to eastern South Carolina and Florida Keys)
- Q. q. versicolor:
- Southern and south-eastern Canada east of Rocky Mountains to central and north-eastern US; winters to southern US
Open and semi-open areas
Walks (rather than hops) along the ground using its bill to flip around leaf litter looking for food.
The cup nest is placed in dense trees, near water. They nest alone or in small loose groups.
They are almost entirely carnivorous; prey consisting of insects, minnows, frogs, eggs and small birds. They have occasionally been observed eating berries, seeds, grain.
Harsh, grating calls; sounding like a rusty gate.
Click on photo for larger image
Photo by Deanneart
Southern New Hampshire, September 2009
Photo by rb_stern
Port Williams, Nova Scotia, April 2008
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2016)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Common Grackle. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 6 June 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Common_Grackle
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