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Collared Antshrike - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by NJLarsen
Jorupe reserve, Loja, SW Ecuador, June 11, 2019
Thamnophilus bernardi

Sakesphorus bernardi


16-18 cm (6¼-7 in) (female slightly smaller than male)

  • Black hood from breast to back of head culminates in a bushy crest
  • Collar and underside white
  • Nape rufous-brown
  • Wings brownish with white and black edgings
  • Tail black with white tips and outer edge.


  • Crest rufous or with variable amounts of black
  • Side of head dark grey speckled white
  • Collar and underside buffy
  • Nape and wings brownish, wings with white edges
  • Tail rufous


Photo © by WilsonDiaz
Chaparri Private Reserve, northern Peru, November 2010

South America: found only in Peru and Ecuador where found west of the Andes and in the Marañón valley.


Moved from genus Sakesphorus to genus Thamnophilus.[1][2][3]. shumbae split by some authorities as Maranon antshrike.


Two subspecies are recognized:

  • T. b. bernardi:
  • Arid tropical south-western Ecuador to north-central Peru); Isla Puná
  • T. b. shumbae:
  • North-central Peru (Río Marañón drainage in Cajamarca and Amazonas). Compared with nominate, male with more white on face and smaller dark throat patch but (perhaps) darker upperparts. Female is paler than nominate and almost white below. It has a brighter rufous crown[7].

Some authorities recognize two additional subspecies, piurae and cajamarcae.


Dry forests, dry and moist shrubland.


The Collared Antshrike presents as a species leading an existence that doesn't really stand out very much.

They tend to conduct their food search closer to the ground staying from the ground up to 10 meters / 30 feet above the ground in areas that could be described as thick and/or matted.

While they are prone to living within a particular area, there is no documentation presently available to their doing anything, in particular, to augment being territorial.

They are usually found in pairs but are sometimes in with flocks of other species.


Finds its food in vines and other tangles, mostly low over or occasionally on the ground. Food consists of invertebrates and occasionally may take vertebrates or fruit.


The nest is made from dead grass and stems. It's a deep cup-shaped, loosely woven structure. So loosely woven as to a viewer may see what's inside when looking at it from the exterior.

Into this nest is laid 2 or 3 off-white eggs marked with shades of brown. The female is typically the one incubating the eggs for a period of a couple of weeks, on average.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. SACC proposal read July 6, 2008.
  4. Schulenberg, T. S. and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Collared Antshrike (Thamnophilus bernardi), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.colant1.01
  5. Neotropical birds online read July 2019
  6. Schulenberg, T. S., D. F. Stotz, D. F. Lane, J. P. O’Neill and T. A. Parker III. 2007. Birds of Peru. Princeton and Oxford.

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