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Chotoy Spinetail - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Marcelo Padua
Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Schoeniophylax phryganophilus

Schoeniophylax phryganophila


  • Sandy-brown black-streaked upperparts
  • Chestnut crown
  • Yellow chin bordered below by black
  • Cinnamon breast band of variable width
  • White belly


South America: found in Bolivia, south-central and far south-east Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and north-east to north-central Argentina.



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • S. p. phryganophilus:
  • S. p. petersi:
  • Interior eastern Brazil (northern Minas Gerais and western Bahia)


Shrubland with scattered trees, riparian woodland.


Feeds on insects and other small invertebrates, usually seeking food within a meter of the ground.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ber van Perlo. 2009. A field guide to the Birds of Brazil. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-530155-7
  3. Avibase
  4. Remsen, Jr., J. V. (2020). Chotoy Spinetail (Schoeniophylax phryganophilus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.chospi2.01

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