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Chestnut-naped Spurfowl - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Mike Barth
Bale Mountains, Ethiopia, August 2014

Alternative name: Chestnut-naped Francolin
Includes Black-fronted Francolin/Black-fronted Spurfowl

Pternistis castaneicollis


Length 33-37 cm; a large francolin
Key features are rusty colours on the head, neck, upper breast and wings; white belly and vent; and red bill and legs.


Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya.


Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. castaneicollis:
  • P. c. atrifrons:

Subspecies atrifrons (Black-fronted Francolin) was formerly split as a full species but is now again included here.
Five other subspecies are not generally recognised[2].


Montane heath, forest edges and scrub.


Usually seen in small groups or pairs.


They form feeding coveys; They pick seeds and insects off the ground.


Calls mostly at dawn and dusk; kek kek keraak.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase
  4. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  5. Birdforum thread discussing this species

Recommended Citation

External Links

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