- Gallirallus philippensis
25–33 cm (9¾-13 in)
- Brown upperparts
- Banded black and white underparts
- White eyebrow
- Chestnut nape band
- Buff breast band
Sharpe's Rail is now considered to be a melanistic example of this species.
There are 21 subspecies1:
- G. p. andrewsi - Cocos Islands (Bay of Bengal)
- G. p. philippensis - Philippine Islands, Sula Islands (Taliabu), Moluccas (Buru), and the Lesser Sunda Islands (Sumba, Alor, Sawu, Rote, and Timor)
- G. p. pelewensis - Palau Islands (western Caroline Islands)
- G. p. xerophilus - Gunungapi Islands (Banda Sea)
- G. p. wilkinsoni - Flores Island (Lesser Sundas)
- G. p. lacustris - Northern New Guinea
- G. p. reductus - Central highlands, coastal north-eastern New Guinea and Long Island
- G. p. anachoretae - Anchorite Island (Admiralty Islands)
- G. p. admiralitatis - Admiralty Islands
- G. p. praedo - Skoki Island (Admiralty Islands)
- G. p. lesouefi - Bismarck Archipelago (New Hanover, New Ireland, Tabar and Tanga)
- G. p. meyeri - Bismarck Archipelago (Witu Islands and New Britain)
- G. p. christophori - Solomon Islands
- G. p. mellori - Southern New Guinea, Australia and Norfolk Island
- G. p. assimilis - New Zealand
- G. p. tounelieri - Coral Sea islets (south-eastern New Guinea to northern New Caledonia)
- G. p. swindellsi - New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands
- G. p. sethsmithi - Fiji Islands and Vanuatu
- G. p. ecaudatus - Tonga Islands
- G. p. goodsoni - Samoa Islands and Niue Island
- G. p. macquariensis - Macquarie Island (Extinct)
Grassy, reedy or thickly vegetated areas close to water. Marshes, ricefields and open grasslands. Coastal scrub, coral atolls and gardens.
The diet consists of a wide variety of invertebrates, small vertebrates, crustaceans, seeds, fruit, carrion and refuse.
They nest in dense grass or reeds close to water. The clutch consists of 5-8 eggs.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- BF Member observations
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Oct 2017)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Buff-banded Rail. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 30 November 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Buff-banded_Rail
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