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Blue-backed Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Alternative Name: Azure-rumped Parrot

Tanygnathus sumatranus
Photo by mehdhalaouate
North Sulawesi, June 2004



  • Mostly green
  • Head, wings and tail dark green
  • Belly and collar light green
  • Mantle/back green (Azure-rumped) or blue (Blue-backed).
  • Wings yellow-streaked wings with blue wing bends
  • Rump blue
  • Iris yellow (Azure-rumped) or red (Blue-backed)


  • Bill red


  • Bill pale yellow or horn


Southeast Asia : found in the Philippines and Sulawesi (Indonesia).



There are 6 subspecies:

  • T. s. duponti:
  • T. s. freeri:
  • T. s. everetti:
  • T. s. burbidgii:
  • Sulu Archipelago
  • T. s. sangirensis:
  • Sangihi Island and Talaud Islands
  • T. s. sumatranus:
  • Sulawesi, Togian, Sula, Muna, Buton islands and Banggai Archaepelago

An additional subspecies heterurus is not recognised by all authorities[2].

The first 4 of these (duponti, freeri, everetti, burbidgii) may be split as Blue-backed Parrot (strict sense, T. everetti), with a red iris and a blue back: in this case sangirensis and sumatranus become Azure-rumped Parrot (T. sumatranus: green back and yellow iris).


Forests and culivated areas up to 800m.


The diet includes crops such as corn.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.