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Bar-shouldered Dove - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies humeralis
Photo © by RMD
Nhulunbuy, Northern Territory, Australia, January, 2005
Geopelia humeralis


Subspecies humeralis
Photo © by Ken Doy
Sandy Camp Rd Wetlands, Queensland, Australia, April 2016

26–30 cm (10¼-11¾ in)

  • Blue-grey head, neck and upper breast
  • Reddish-bronze patch on hindneck, dark barring
  • Pinkish bar on the lower breast
  • Pale lower body
  • Blue-grey eye-ring and reddish eye

Juveniles lack the hindneck patch and barring and tend to be duller overall


The copper colour of the nape and primaries shows well in flight.


Southeast Asia: Indonesia
Australasia: New Guinea, Australia: New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Melanesia


Displaying male
Photo © by Hans&Judy Beste
Toowoomba Shire, Queensland, September 2018


There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • G. h. gregalis:
  • G. h. humeralis:
  • G. h. headlandi:

A fourth subspecies, G. h. inexpectata, is not recognised by all authorities[1].


Lowland rainforest and mangroves, scrubby bush, beach woodlands, wooded suburban parks and gardens.



The diet consists of seeds of grasses, herbs, sedges, and rhizomes.


The nest is a thin platform made from twigs and roots and is placed in dense shrubs or trees. Both parents incubate the eggs and feed the chicks.

Young doves are fed with 'crop milk'.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Birds in Backyards
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.