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Banded Broadbill - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Karim Madoya
Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo, June 2009

Alternative names: Horsfield's Broadbill; Purple-headed Broadbill

Includes: Javan Broadbill

Eurylaimus javanicus


Photo by 996sps
Ayer Keroh, Malacca, Malaysia, March 2007

Size-21.5 to 23.5cm
A large, distinctive broadbill:

  • head purple-red with black lores
  • upperparts dark with prominent yellow markings
  • back to base of upper tail yellow
  • distal part of upper tail black
  • wings blackish-brown with broad yellow on flight feathers
  • underparts light purple-pink
  • vent purple-pink or yellow (javanicus)
  • undertail appears barred black and white
  • bill turquoise-blue
  • eye blue or yellow (javanicus)

Males have a narrow, blackish breast band (most subspecies except javanicus) and a greyer-tinged head than females


Found from southeast Burma to Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Java. Locally common in suitable habitat.


Subspecies javanicus may be elevated as ”Javan Broadbill", C. javanicus based on plumage differences although it sounds similar to the other taxa [6]


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]


Lowland forest. Broadleaved evergreen jungle, semi evergreen jungles; wetter areas in mixed decidous jungle up to 1100m, locally higher.



Feeds mainly on insects, takes sometimes small fruits. Plucks prey from foliage. Sits often motionless on a perch.


They build a pear-shaped nest suspended from the branch of a large tree, usually close to the trunk. The entrance, near the top of the nest, is protected by a slanting overhang. The nest is built from twigs, and a variety of vegetable material. The exterior of the nest is covered with bryophytes, lichens and cobwebs; the interior is lined with leaves.


  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504
  3. Avibase
  4. Bird Ecology Study Group
  5. BF Member observations
  6. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2

Recommended Citation

External Links

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