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Rock Martin - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 22:14, 30 March 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: New combined GSearch. GSearch checked template)
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Photo © by Seyed Babak Musavi
Bandarabbas city, Iran, 30 January 2005
Ptyonoprogne fuligula

Hirundo fuligula


11-14 cm (4¼-5½ in)

  • Earth-brown crown and upperparts
  • Dark brown wings and tail
  • Pinkish-cinnamon chin and throat
  • Dark greyish-brown belly and undertail-coverts


Africa and Arabia.


Previously placed in genus Hirundo.


Thirteen subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • P. f. presaharica
  • P. f. spatzi
  • South Algeria, south-western Libya and northern Chad
  • P. f. buchanani
  • South-central Sahara (Aïr Massif of northern Niger)
  • P. f. obsoleta
  • P. f. perpallida
  • P. f. pallida
  • P. f. arabica
  • P. f. pusilla
  • P. f. bansoensis
  • P. f. fusciventris
  • P. f. anderssoni
  • P. f. fuligula
  • P. f. pretoriae


Rocky areas.



The cup nest is constructed by both adults from mud pellets, lined with vegetable fibres and feathers. It is placed under an overhang on a rock face or similar man-made structure such as a dam, or bridge wall or under the eaves of a building.

The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs, which are white with black or chestnut spots. They are laid at 1 day intervals. Both adults incubate the eggs for 16-18 days. Fledging occurs after 22-29 days with the parents still tending to them for up to 19 days.


They forage in pairs, groups and mixed species flocks.. Their diet mostly consists of insects such as flies, beetles, bugs and flying ants.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. del Hoyo, J., A. Turner, G. M. Kirwan, and N. Collar (2020). Rock Martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rocmar2.01

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