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Pharaoh Eagle-Owl - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 20:53, 4 June 2016 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Picture of fledgling)
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Alternative name: Desert Eagle-Owl

Photo by tconzemi
Soma Bay, Egypt, September 2009
Bubo ascalaphus



  • Light tawny upperparts, marked with black and white
  • White throat
Photo by moroccanbirds
Southern, Morocco
  • Pale sandy underparts with black streaks
  • Pale ears
  • Orange or yellow eyes

Similar Species

Pharaoh Eagle-Owl is smaller and paler than even the nearest populations of Eurasian Eagle Owl; there is an overlap in range in the middle east (subspecies interpositus of Eurasian EO).


Africa and the Middle East
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Libya and Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Chad
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia
Middle East: Syria, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq and Iran



Fledgling, Subspecies ascalaphus
Photo by brackenb
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, June 2016

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • B. a. ascalaphus:
  • B. a. desertorum: Generally paler


Rocky deserts and semi-deserts, gorges, cliffs, rocky mountain slopes.



Their diet consists mostly of mammals and birds, and also includes reptiles and scorpions.


The clutch consists of 2-4 eggs, which is laid in a scrape in rocks or a crevice. Incubation lasts for about 36 days.


Call: A deep downward inflected “whu”. Also a dog-like 'bark' alarm call.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. World Owl Trust
  4. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links