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Helmeted Friarbird - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 20:14, 3 September 2023 by THEFERN-13145 (talk | contribs)
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This individual belongs to the race gordoni, the so-called Melville Island Friarbird. As in the other race found in the Northern Territory (ammitophila), its knob is greatly reduced compared to individuals from Queensland
Photo © by tcollins
Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, February 2006
This is the subspecies 'yorki' from Queensland with the larger casque.
Photo © by peterday
Yungaburra, Queensland, Australia, June 2019
Philemon buceroides

Includes: New Guinea Friarbird, Hornbill Friarbird, Tenggara Friarbird


32–36 cm (12½-14¼ in)

  • Black face
  • Pale greyish underparts


Australia, New Guinea and Lesser Sundas (Indonesia).


Subspecies buceroides and neglectus are fairly divergent and may be split as species "Tenggara Friarbird" (P. buceroides). Novaguineae (together with yorki) is sometimes split as "New Guinea Friarbird". Subspecies yorki (alone) sometimes also gets full species status as "Hornbill Friarbird".


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:


Rainforest, woodlands and thickets.



Their main diet consists of nectar, fruit and seeds, supplemented with insects and insect larva, spiders and sometimes lizards.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2014)
  3. BF Member observations

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