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Picui Ground Dove - BirdForum Opus

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Photo © by Stanley Jones
Río Cuiaba, Porto Jofre, Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil, August 2015
Columbina picui


18 cm (7 in)
Adult: Grey brown above, grey crown, dark line across the wing coverts may look blue in ideal light and a white band low on the closed wing. Underside including chin, throat, and belly is pale buffy to almost white while undertail is white; head shows black lores and grey eye ring and iris.

In flight, wing upperside is pale grey on lesser and medium coverts, white on greater coverts contrasting with black flight feathers (primaries and secondaries), and outer tail feathers are white but this is only visible if the relatively long tail is spread.

Juvenile: duller but more buff overall. The upperparts are fringed buff and the wing-coverts and breast are reddish-buff or buff at the centre.


South America: Peru and Bolivia to central Chile, east to southern Brazil and central Argentina (including both Paraguay and Uruguay); an isolated population is found in north-east Brazil.



Two subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • C. p. strepitans:
  • North-eastern Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará and Bahia)
  • C. p. picui:


Savanna, gardens and agricultural areas, often in quite dry areas but not desert and unlikely to be found at high elevation.


Generally seen in groups of 25-30 birds.


Ground feeders, their diet consists almost entirely of seeds.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved January 2016)
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. Dovepage.com

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