- Ptyonoprogne fuligula
11-14 cm (4¼-5½ in)
- Earth-brown crown and upperparts
- Dark brown wings and tail
- Pinkish-cinnamon chin and throat
- Dark greyish-brown belly and undertail-coverts
Previously placed in genus Hirundo.
Thirteen subspecies are recognized:
- P. f. presaharica
- P. f. spatzi
- P. f. buchanani
- South-central Sahara (Aïr Massif of northern Niger)
- P. f. obsoleta
- P. f. perpallida
- P. f. pallida
- P. f. arabica
- P. f. pusilla
- P. f. bansoensis
- P. f. fusciventris
- P. f. anderssoni
- P. f. fuligula
- P. f. pretoriae
The cup nest is constructed by both adults from mud pellets, lined with vegetable fibres and feathers. It is placed under an overhang on a rock face or similar man-made structure such as a dam, or bridge wall or under the eaves of a building.
The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs, which are white with black or chestnut spots. They are laid at 1 day intervals. Both adults incubate the eggs for 16-18 days. Fledging occurs after 22-29 days with the parents still tending to them for up to 19 days.
They forage in pairs, groups and mixed species flocks.. Their diet mostly consists of insects such as flies, beetles, bugs and flying ants.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- del Hoyo, J., A. Turner, G. M. Kirwan, and N. Collar (2020). Rock Martin (Ptyonoprogne fuligula), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rocmar2.01
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Rock Martin. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 30 November 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Rock_Martin
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1