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Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by Robert_Scanlon at Panama Viejo, Panama, January 2004
Notice the white at the bend of the wing (alula area) visible in the photo
Tyrannulus elatus

Identification

Yellow central crown shown
Photo © by NJ Larsen
PN (National Park) Tayrona, Magdalena, Colombia, 30 August 2023

10–11 cm

  • Slate-grey or brownish
  • Yellow crown, which is usually concealed
  • Yellowish wing bars
  • Stubby bill

Similar species

White-lored Tyrannulet has more pronounced white on the lores, two dotted wing bars, and lacks prominent pale edging to the tertials.
See also Greenish Elaenia, Gray-headed Elaenia, Choco Elaenia, and Amazonian Elaenia.

Distribution

Central and South America:
Central America: Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Amazonian Brazil.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species1.

Habitat

Moist lowland evergreen forests, forest edges, more open woodland and swamps.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of insects and a variety of small fruits and berries, especially mistletoe.

Breeding

The shallow nest is made from fine twigs combined with plant fibre. The clutch consists of 1-2 eggs.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  3. Neotropical Birds
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)
  5. Planet of Birds

Recommended Citation

External Links


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