• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

White-necked Thrush - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 13:22, 5 April 2021 by GreenFields-3 (talk | contribs) (Text replacement - "''\[\[Media:[^\|]+\|Listen in an external program\]\]'' \<br ?\/?\>" to "")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Photo by Anselmo d Affonseca
São Paulo, Brazil, May 2014
Turdus albicollis


20½-26 cm. Dark brown upperparts, white throat with dark streaks, white central belly and vent, legs grey or reddish depending on subspecies, and a red or yellow eye-ring.
Chest and flanks are grey in the northern form (phaeopygos group) but tinged rufous-brown in the albicollis group.
Sexes are similar, but juveniles are duller, lacking the stripes on the throat but with dull orange spotting above and brownish spotting below.


An adult bird of race phaeopygoides
Photo by Steve G
Main Ridge Forest Reserve on Tobago

Eastern Brazil, far northern Uruguay, eastern Paraguay, far north-eastern Argentina, and separate in Bolivia, north and western Brazil, the Guianas, Venezuela, the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.


This species has in the past been lumped with White-throated Thrush


Seven subspecies are recognized:

  • T.a. phaopygoides:
  • T.a. phaeopygos:
  • T.a. spodiolaemus:
  • T.a. contemptus:
  • Yungas of Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz and Tarija)
  • T.a. crotopezus:
  • Eastern Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo and Alagoas)
  • T.a. albicollis:
  • South East Brazil (Rio de Janeiro to Rio Grande do Sul)
  • T.a. paraguayensis:

These fall in two well separated groups: The first four subspecies (the phaeopygos group) are found north of a line from the north-east Brazil to Bolivia, while the rest (the nominate group) are found south of a line a few hundred km further south and not reaching west of Paraguay.


Humid forest, woodland, and second growth from lowlands to about 1500 m.



Mainly a ground-feeder, the diet includes invertebrates and some fruit and berries. They regularly follow army ant swarms.


The nest is a lined cup of twigs placed low in a tree or bush. The clutch consists of 2 or 3 greenish-blue eggs with reddish-blotches, which are incubated by the female for 12-13 days.


Song, albicollis. Regua, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Recording by Andrew Whitehouse


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Kenefick, Restall, Hayes, 2007. Field guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-13557-2
  3. Richard ffrench. 1991. A guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago. Comstock/Cornell Paperbacks. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2
  4. Ber van Perlo. 2009. A field guide to the Birds of Brazil. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA. ISBN 978-0-19-530155-7
  5. Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - the passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX, USA. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8

Recommended Citation

External Links