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White-fronted Nunbird - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 18:01, 27 April 2023 by KeithDickinson-10828 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: removed BFTV and video link as no video found.)
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Photo by Momo
Lago Sandoval, Peru, Febraury 2006
Monasa morphoeus


21–29 cm (8¼-11½ in)

  • Glossy black, or greyish-black overall plumage
  • Stout medium red-orange bill
  • White face markings at the cere
  • White upper throat
  • Black eyes
  • Black or greyish-black legs


Central amd South America:
Central Ameroca: found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil



There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • M. m. grandior:
  • M. m. fidelis:
  • Caribbean eastern Panama and north-western Colombia (east to southern Córdoba)
  • M. m. pallescens:
South East Panama to western Colombia (south to upper Río San Juan)
  • M. m. sclateri:
North and central Colombia (Magdalena Valley south to northern Tolima)
  • M. m. peruana:
South East Colombia to southern Venezuela, north-eastern Bolivia and upper Amazonian Brazil
  • M. m. rikeri:
Amazonian Brazil from Río Tapajós east to Piauí
  • M. m. morphoeus:
East Brazil (Bahia south to Rio de Janeiro)


From canopy down to mid-levels of tall, humid terra firme forests and low hill country rain forest.



They eat a variety of insects, including crickets, beetles, stick insects and cicadas.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2017)
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1