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Western Rock Nuthatch - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:33, 27 April 2023 by KeithDickinson-10828 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: removed BFTV and video link as no video found.)
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Alternative name: Rock Nuthatch

Sitta neumayer

Identification

13.5cm

  • Dark grey upperparts
  • Long strong black eyestripe
  • White throat and underparts shading to buff on the belly

Sexes are similar
Young birds are slightly duller versions of the adults.

Distribution

Serbia east through Greece and Turkey to Iran.

Taxonomy

Subspecies[1]

  • S. n. neumayer :
  • Balkan Peninsula
  • S. n. syriaca:
  • S. n. rupicola:
  • S. n. tschitscherini:
  • Zagros Mountains (south-western Iran)
  • S. n. plumbea:
  • South-central Iran (mountains of southern Kerman Province)

Habitat

Bare rocks, especially in mountainous areas.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes insects and spiders in summer, seeds and snails in winter.

Breeding

It builds a flask-shaped nest from mud, dung and hair or feathers, lined with softer materials and the entrance is sealed with mud, in a rock crevice, cave, or under an overhang on a rock face. Decorative items may be pushed into crevices and cracks near the entrance to the nest. 4-10 white, speckled with yellow, eggs are laid.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Wikipedia

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

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