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Strong-billed Woodcreeper - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 18:28, 13 June 2012 by IanF (talk | contribs)
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Photo by Leif G.
Location: Mindo Loma, Ecuador
Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus

Includes Carajas Woodcreeper

Identification

A large (28-30.5cm) woodcreeper with representative coloration of that family: Dark brown and russet back, lighter brown underparts with buff dots and streaking on the head, chest, and nape. Tail has characteristic hooked tips to help support the bird in its typical vertical position on tree trunks. Most easily identified by the size of the bird and its bill, both of which are exceptional in its range.

Distribution

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Found on both slopes of the Andes in South America.

Taxonomy

There are about 18 subspecies.

X. p. carajaensis was split as Carajas Woodcreeper by Clements (2007), but is now (Clements, 2010)[1] included in this taxon .

Habitat

Humid subtropical and temperate forests.

Behaviour

Flies directly to positions low on tree trunks, then moves steadily upwards, gleaning insects.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view

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