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Southern Tropical Pewee - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 07:32, 8 August 2023 by THEFERN-13145 (talk | contribs) (→‎Variation)
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Subspecies cinereus
Photo by Fritz73
Camacan, Brazil, 5 September 2017
Contopus cinereus


14 cm

  • upperparts dark brown or greyish
  • crown black
  • wing bars two, white, more or less prominent
  • throat, lower underparts and centre of the breast white (ssp pallescens), or largely uniform grey (cinereus)
  • belly pale yellow
  • sides of the flanks and breast greyish-brown (pallescens)
  • bill short: black upper mandible; orange lower mandible

Sexes similar


Subspecies pallescens
Photo by Stanley Jones
Villa San Lorenzo, Jujuy Province, Argentina, October 2019

The two subspecies differ strongly in their markings. Subspecies cinereus has barely noticeable wing bars while pallescens have strong white wing bars and white edges to flight feathers. Its white lores, underparts and throat are much more noticeable (cinereus basically uniform grey).


South America: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, rare non-breeding visitor to Peru, .


Formerly included in Tropical Pewee together with Tumbes Pewee and Northern Tropical Pewee.


Two subspecies are recognized[1].

  • C. c. pallescens:
  • eastern Bolivia south to northwestern Argentina, and east to south central and eastern Brazil; rare austral migrant to southeastern Peru
  • C. c. cinereus:
  • South-eastern Brazil (Bahia to Paraná) to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina


Lowlands to lower elevation on mountains in semi-deciduous forests and clearings, mixed pasture, wet fields and gardens, and even locally in mangrove.



The female builds a small open saucer nest of fibers and grasses, lined with grass and decorated with lichen on its exterior. Two creamy-white eggs, marked with red-brown spots, are incubated by the female for 15-16 days.


The diet includes insects.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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