• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Southern Tropical Pewee - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 07:32, 8 August 2023 by THEFERN-13145 (talk | contribs) (→‎Variation)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Subspecies cinereus
Photo by Fritz73
Camacan, Brazil, 5 September 2017
Contopus cinereus

Identification

14 cm

  • upperparts dark brown or greyish
  • crown black
  • wing bars two, white, more or less prominent
  • throat, lower underparts and centre of the breast white (ssp pallescens), or largely uniform grey (cinereus)
  • belly pale yellow
  • sides of the flanks and breast greyish-brown (pallescens)
  • bill short: black upper mandible; orange lower mandible

Sexes similar

Variation

Subspecies pallescens
Photo by Stanley Jones
Villa San Lorenzo, Jujuy Province, Argentina, October 2019

The two subspecies differ strongly in their markings. Subspecies cinereus has barely noticeable wing bars while pallescens have strong white wing bars and white edges to flight feathers. Its white lores, underparts and throat are much more noticeable (cinereus basically uniform grey).

Distribution

South America: Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina, rare non-breeding visitor to Peru, .

Taxonomy

Formerly included in Tropical Pewee together with Tumbes Pewee and Northern Tropical Pewee.

Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized[1].

  • C. c. pallescens:
  • eastern Bolivia south to northwestern Argentina, and east to south central and eastern Brazil; rare austral migrant to southeastern Peru
  • C. c. cinereus:
  • South-eastern Brazil (Bahia to Paraná) to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina

Habitat

Lowlands to lower elevation on mountains in semi-deciduous forests and clearings, mixed pasture, wet fields and gardens, and even locally in mangrove.

Behaviour

Breeding

The female builds a small open saucer nest of fibers and grasses, lined with grass and decorated with lichen on its exterior. Two creamy-white eggs, marked with red-brown spots, are incubated by the female for 15-16 days.

Diet

The diet includes insects.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Avibase
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

Back
Top