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Pygmy Tit - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 23:03, 11 October 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Picture dated)
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Photo © by happylimpet
Cibodas, Java, Indonesia, 31 May 2010

Alternative name: Pygmy Bushtit

Aegithalos exilis

Psaltria exilis


8.5cm. A tiny bird with a long tail.

  • Drab greyish-brown head
  • Short, stubby, broad-based bill
  • Medium grey upperparts with brownish tinge
  • Dull grey-brown, long tail
  • Light grey chin and throat, mottled and bordered below with pale pinkish-buff
  • Pale dull pinkish-buff underparts

Sexes similar. Juveniles not yet described but thought to be similar to adults.


Endemic to the mountains of western and central Java, Indonesia.
A locally common restricted-range species.


This is a monotypic species.


Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montanes.
Found above 1000m, sometimes lower.



Feeds on insects.
Forages often in lower levels of forest, actively travelling in small flocks.


Breeding season from March to May and from August to November. The nest is a suspended pouch made of leaves and grass with an entrance hole near the top. It's concealed in foliage and suspended 3-8m above the ground. Lays 2-3 eggs.


A resident species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553453

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