• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Purple-rumped Sunbird - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 18:27, 31 March 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: New Video search created)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Male in breeding plumage
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 2 August 2020
Leptocoma zeylonica

Identification

Female
Photo © by Rakesh
Bangalore, India, 18 September 2005

10cm (4 in)

  • Medium-length thin down-curved bill
  • Brush-tipped tubular tongue

Adult male

  • Maroon breast-band, sides of the head and back
  • Purple throat and rump
  • Yellow underparts flanked with white
  • Green shoulder patch

Female and juvenile are duller

  • Olive-green back
  • Brown wings
  • Yellow breast

Distribution

Juvenile – Female
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 13 February 2021

Asia: India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
Southeast Asia: Indochina and Myanmar

Taxonomy

Several Sunbirds (including this one) of the genus Nectarinia have recently been moved into the genus Leptocoma.

Subspecies

Male
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 7 November 2020

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • L. z. flaviventris:
  • L. z. zeylonica:

An additional subspecies sola is generally considered invalid[1].

Habitat

Scrub and cultivation.

Behaviour

Breeding

Two to three eggs are laid in a suspended nest in a tree.

Male, eclipse plumage
Photo © by vijay4birds
Tamilnadu, India, June 2016

Diet

Male showing his purple rump
Photo © by sudeepdatre
India, July 2004

Their diet consists of insects such as spiders and caterpillars, nectar, grapes and misletoe berries.

Vocalisation

Call: ptsiee ptsit, ptsiee ptsswit.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/9A13D986]. Retrieved 8 June 2021
  3. Cheke, R. and C. Mann (2020). Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.pursun3.01
  4. The Website of Everything

Recommended Citation

External Links


GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

Back
Top