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Purple-rumped Sunbird - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 18:27, 31 March 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: New Video search created)
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Male in breeding plumage
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 2 August 2020
Leptocoma zeylonica


Photo © by Rakesh
Bangalore, India, 18 September 2005

10cm (4 in)

  • Medium-length thin down-curved bill
  • Brush-tipped tubular tongue

Adult male

  • Maroon breast-band, sides of the head and back
  • Purple throat and rump
  • Yellow underparts flanked with white
  • Green shoulder patch

Female and juvenile are duller

  • Olive-green back
  • Brown wings
  • Yellow breast


Juvenile – Female
Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 13 February 2021

Asia: India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
Southeast Asia: Indochina and Myanmar


Several Sunbirds (including this one) of the genus Nectarinia have recently been moved into the genus Leptocoma.


Photo © by Dr JP Menon
Coimbatore, South India, 7 November 2020

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • L. z. flaviventris:
  • L. z. zeylonica:

An additional subspecies sola is generally considered invalid[1].


Scrub and cultivation.



Two to three eggs are laid in a suspended nest in a tree.

Male, eclipse plumage
Photo © by vijay4birds
Tamilnadu, India, June 2016


Male showing his purple rump
Photo © by sudeepdatre
India, July 2004

Their diet consists of insects such as spiders and caterpillars, nectar, grapes and misletoe berries.


Call: ptsiee ptsit, ptsiee ptsswit.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/9A13D986]. Retrieved 8 June 2021
  3. Cheke, R. and C. Mann (2020). Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.pursun3.01
  4. The Website of Everything

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1