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Philippine Swamphen - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 11:03, 7 April 2021 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Picture of whole bird. References updated)
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Photo by David Blair
Candaba, Luzon Philippines, 23 January 2014
Porphyrio pulverulentus

Identification

Photo by Romy Ocon
Candaba wetlands, Pampanga province, Philippines, March 2008
  • Red bill and frontal shield
  • Large feet
  • Pale blue with a brown back

Distribution

Found on the Philippine Islands and Karekelong Island (Talaud Islands).

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Formerly considered conspecific with African Swamphen, Grey-headed Swamphen, Black-backed Swamphen, Western Swamphen and Australasian Swamphen under the name Purple Swamphen.

Habitat

Reed beds and wet areas with high rainfall, swamps, lake edges and damp pastures.

Behaviour

The birds live in pairs and larger communities.

Breeding

The birds make a nest of woven reeds on floating debris or amongst reeds. More than one female will use the nest and they share incubating the eggs for 24 days. Each bird lays 3-6 speckled eggs and the nest can contain up to 12 eggs.

Diet

Diet includes tender shoots and vegetable-like matter, invertebrates (like snails), small fish, and eggs from nests and also eat ducklings. It is a good swimmer, especially for a bird without webbed feet.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Trewick, S.A. 1997. "Flightlessness and phylogeny amongst endemic rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the New Zealand region." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. (352) 429-46.
  3. Sangster, G. 1998. "Purple Swamp-hen is a complex of species." Dutch Birding (20) 13-22.
  4. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  5. Wikipedia
  6. Absolute Astronomy

Recommended Citation

External Links

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