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Olive-brown Oriole - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by James Eaton
Camplong, West Timor, Indonesia, July 2006

Includes: Timor Oriole; Wetar Oriole

Oriolus melanotis



Lesser Sundas in Indonesia.


The well-defined subspecies have vocal, plumage and genetic differences. They may represent 2 species: "Timor Oriole" (O. melanotis) and "Wetar Oriole" (O. finschi) [2].


Clements recognises the following subspecies [1]:

  • O. m. melanotis: "Timor Oriole". Eastern Lesser Sundas (Rote, Timor and Semau)
  • O. m. finschi: "Wetar Oriole". Wetar (eastern Lesser Sundas)


Dry forests and mangrove forests.



  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Eaton, JA, B van Balen, NW Brickle, FE Rheindt 2021. Birds of the Indonesian Archipelago (Greater Sundas and Wallacea), Second Edition. Lynx Editions. ISBN978-84-16728-44-2

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