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Northern Tropical Pewee - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by Robert Scanlon
Santa Marta, Colombia, May 2004
Contopus bogotensis


Photo by RKA
Maraval, Trinidad, July 2012


Central America: From Mexico to Panama.
South America: Northern Colombia to Trinidad, the Guianas and the very nearest parts of Brazil.


Formerly included in Tropical Pewee together with Tumbes Pewee and Southern Tropical Pewee.


Five subspecies are recognized[1].

  • C. b. brachytarsus (Short-legged):
  • Tropical south-eastern Mexico (Oaxaca and Veracruz) to Panama
  • C. b. rhizophorus:
  • Arid Pacific littoral of western Costa Rica (Guanacaste)
  • C. b. aithalodes:
  • C. b. bogotensis:
  • C. b. surinamensis:
  • Southern Venezuela to the Guianas and north-eastern Brazil


Found in open woodland, edges of forest, shrub, and mangroves, with elevation varying between sea level and high into foothills in some areas.


Suspected of mainly eating insects which are taken using sallying.


Dawn song is a series of short whistles which are given at interval of 2-3 seconds. During the day, a more commonly heard song is a short trill, or a call which is an upslurred "peet" sound.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Kirwan, G. M., A. Farnsworth, J. del Hoyo, D. J. Lebbin, N. Collar, and P. F. D. Boesman (2022). Northern Tropical Pewee (Contopus bogotensis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (G. M. Kirwan and N. D. Sly, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.tropew4.01

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