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New Caledonian Friarbird - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 12:06, 28 February 2022 by KeithDickinson-10828 (talk | contribs) (added Gsearch-checked)
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Photo © by Tanager
Rivière Bleue, New Caledonia, 9 October 2005
Philemon diemenensis


27–32 cm. (10¾-12½in.)

  • Dark browni above
  • Long stout bill.
  • Pale stripe on ear coverts.
  • Blue-grey fringes on wings and tail.
  • Streaky, silvery breast extends over buffy-brown belly.

Juveniles lack breast streaks and have plainer head.


Endemic to New Caledonia


Forms a superspecies with Little Friarbird.
This is a monotypic species[1].


Common in forests, but mostly in open habitats. They often forage in gardens around human dwellings.



Insects, nectar and fruit. Probes flowers for nectar. Has been seen to sally out for insects over water.


Nest is a thick-walled, unlined, woven cup made of twigs and leaves.


A variety of loud, raucous squeaks and disjointed calls.




  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.
  3. Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2019). New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60423 on 2 December 2019).

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External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.