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Long-billed Crow - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 09:44, 26 August 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Basic updates. Editors note. Dictionary links. References updated. Missing images category deleted)
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Photo © by THE_FERN
vicinity of Pak Roji's, Halmahera, Indonesia, July 2023

Alternative name: Moluccan Crow

Corvus validus

Identification

46 - 53cm. A large crow.

  • plumage black with purple gloss on upperparts, steel-blue gloss on head and green gloss on throat
  • bill black, very long, gradually tapering from deep base with the culmen gently curving over distal third.
  • tail relatively short, almost square at tip
  • base of neck feathers pure white
  • iris bluish-white
  • legs black

Sexes similar. Juveniles have a dark iris and unglossed plumage.

Distribution

Endemic to the Northern Moluccas in Indonesia. Found on the islands of Morotai, Halmahera, Kayoa, Kasiruta, Bacan and Obi.
Seems to be fairly numerous but poorly known.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Found in primary forest in lowlands and hills. Also in secondary or partially logged forest and also recorded in farmland (coconut plantations). From sea-level up to 380m on Halmahera and up to 1150m on Bacan.

Behaviour

Usually seen in tree canopy, only rarely on the ground. Occurs mostly singly or in pairs. Small groups seen were presumed to be family parties.

Diet

No information about diet. Feeds probably on fruits and berries.

Breeding

No information about breeding.

Movements

A resident species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

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