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Lafresnaye's Piculet - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 03:12, 15 April 2014 by HelenB (talk | contribs) (add size to description)
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Picumnus lafresnayi
Photo of male by Stanley Jones
Along the road between Estadio municipal de Calzada and Morro de Calzada, Amazonas Department, Peru, November 2013
Photo of female by Stanley Jones
Along the road between Estadio municipal de Calzada and Morro de Calzada, Amazonas Department, Peru, November 2013

Identification

  • 9-10 cm (3.5-3.9 ins)
  • Dark olive-brown cap with light spots
  • Pale buff lores
  • Small whitish stripe behind eye
  • Greyish-buff ear-coverts streaked or spotted brown
  • Dark green or brownish-green upperparts barred yellowish-green
  • Pale yellowish-white underparts with broad black bars
  • Males with reddish to orange forehead spots

Similar species

Orinoco Piculet is slightly smaller, darker with unbarred upperparts and darker ear-coverts.

Distribution

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

Taxonomy

Four subspecies recognized:

  • P. l. lafresnayi in southeast Colombia, eastern Ecuador and northern Peru
  • P. l. pusillus in north-central Brazil on middle Amazon river east to River Negro
  • P. l. taczanowskii in northeast and north-central Peru
  • P. l. punctifrons in eastern Peru

Forms a superspecies with Orinoco Piculet.

Habitat

Humid forest, secondary forest, forest edges and clearings.
Occurs in lowlands and foothills up to 1400m, occasionally higher.

Behaviour

Feeds on termites and presumably other small invertebrates.
Forages in middle and lower levels, often in mixed-species flocks.
Breeding season probably from July to November. One recorded nest was in a hole 3m up in a shrup and holded 2 eggs.
Presumably a resident species.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 2002. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334375

Recommended Citation

External Links

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