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Greater Flamingo - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 23:14, 7 July 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: Video search added)
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Photo © by christ34
Camargue, France
Phoenicopterus roseus


Photo © by swarovskiuser
Lesvos, Greece, May 2008

Length 120-145cm (47¼-57 in)
Wing span 140-170cm

  • White, tinged pink
  • Red wing coverts
  • Black flight feathers
  • Decurved bill with black tip, red-orange in middle and pale yellow near eye in nominate, dark pink in roseus
  • Legs pink and extremely long

Grey-brown with whitish underparts

Similar Species

Chilean Flamingo has grey legs with pink knees. Lesser Flamingo is smaller, has a dark bill and a dark red eye.


Locally in southern Europe and Mediterranean basin to South Africa and Indian subcontinent.


Photo © by creaturesnapper
Almeria, Spain, November 2018

This is a monotypic species.
Was formerly considered conspecific with American Flamingo.


Salt pans and large bodies of shallow water, inland and coastal; saline and brackish waters preferred.


Highly gregarious


Breed in large colonies in nests that consists of mud compacted into a mound on top of which the nest of mud and twigs is situated, this is built by both sexes. 1 white egg is laid, and incubated by both parents for 27-31 days.


The diet includes small crustaceans, molluscs, and insects.


Loud cackles (reminiscent of Greylag Goose)


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Recommended Citation

External Links

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