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Golden-crowned Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 20:42, 22 July 2023 by Njlarsen (talk | contribs) (add photo, other edits necessary due to transfer of two subspecies.)
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Photo © by kitefarrago
Aguas Calientes, Cusco, Peru, 12 August 2017
Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

Identification

Length 21 cm (8 in)
A fairly large tyrant flycatcher with strong markings and coloration. Olive and brown back with whitish-buff edging on wings (some of these are rufous on some images, changes due to wear?), and white edgings on scapulars (at least sometimes). Buffy yellow breast with darker mottled streaks, pale yellow rear underside, partly concealed yellow crown stripe, white supercilium, dark eye stripe, and dark malar stripe.

Similar Species

Could be confused with the Yellow-throated Flycatcher, White-ringed Flycatcher, Three-striped Flycatcher, Great Kiskadee, Lesser Kiskadee, Boat-billed Flycatcher, or Social Flycatcher, but separable by range (most of the similar species inhabit the lowlands rather than montane areas), habitat (many of these are always near water), and by the key field markings in italics in the Identification section.

Distribution

South America: Eastern slope of Andes of Peru, Bolivia, and just into Argentina.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species1.

Two subspecies were recently transferred from this species into Golden-bellied Flycatcher due to study of vocalizations.

Habitat

Montane forests and clearings, more common along streams, roads, and other edge habitat. Mostly found in the elevation of 1000 - 3000 m asl.

Behaviour

Generally solitary, but sometimes joins mixed flocks.

Diet

Eats insects, fruit and occasionally small lizards, captured by gleaning.

Vocalisation

Noisy, with raucous calls.
Daytime song: a repetetive, short tuiewee, tuieweet or pieuee. Dawn song a little more complex with a wheezy note followed by a subdued middle note and sharp final note that increases in pitch; this series is repeated many times at a rate of one every 2 seconds.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - The Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8
  4. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  5. Mobley, J. A., H. F. Greeney, and P. F. D. Boesman (2022). Golden-crowned Flycatcher (Myiodynastes chrysocephalus), version 2.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.gocfly1.02

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1

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