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Double-banded Graytail - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 21:53, 16 April 2018 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Imp sizes. Clearer image. Some extra info. Original picture galleried)
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Photo by Stanley Jones
Río Torti, Panamá Province, Panama, February 2018
Xenerpestes minlosi


11–12 cm (4¼-4¾ in) Male and female similar.

  • Upperside dark grey
  • Underside pale
  • White supercilium
  • Two white wing bars
  • Graduated tail

Similar species

Immediate impression is similar to a warbler, but it has a stronger bill


Central and South America
Central America: occurs only in Panama
South America: Colombia and Ecuador



There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • X. m. minlosi:
  • X. m. umbraticus:
  • Pacific lowlands of Colombia


Lowland and foothill forests, second growth and disturbed areas. Occurs to around 1000 m asl. It is mainly found in the middle section of the forest, more rarely in canopy or very low.



Will often feed in wine tangles where it sometimes hangs head down to reach its food. Their diet consists mostly of arthropods.


There is no confirmed information about breeding.


Click on photo for larger image


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Angher and Dean, The Birds of Panama
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links