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Crested Oropendola - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:57, 23 April 2023 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (→‎External Links: Multiple GSearches combined)
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Photo © by Russ Jones
Asa Wright Nature Preserve, Trinidad
Psarocolius decumanus


Length: 15-17" (38-43 cm)
The male is larger than the female. Black with chestnut rump and undertail coverts, yellow tail (except central feathers), pale yellow bill, blue eye.

Similar species

A displaying male (click to enlarge)
Photo © by Marcelo Padua
Photographed along the Transpantaneira, Pantanal, Brazil

Chestnut-headed Oropendola is smaller, with chestnut head and neck (only visible in good light), more extensive chestnut on underside, and a tail where the outermost web of outer tail feathers are dusky.


Central and South America and the Caribbean:
Found in Panama and Trinidad and Tobago south to to Bolivia, northern Argentina and southern Brazil.


If the genus Gymnostinax for the Montezuma Oropendola and its closest relatives were considered valid, this species would probably belong there too.


Subspecies insularis
Photo © by rka
Maraval, Trinidad, October 2018

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • P. d. melanterus:
  • P. d. insularis:
  • P. d. decumanus:
  • P. d. maculosus:


Forests, woodlands, open areas with scattered trees


Each colony has a dominant male, who mates with most of the females following an elaborate bowing display. There may be 15-30 females and only 3-4 males. Outside the breeding season, this species is quite mobile, with some seasonal movements.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1