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Brujo Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 00:50, 7 July 2022 by Njlarsen (talk | contribs) (range)
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Male
Photo © by rjb25073
Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador, January 6, 2003

Includes: Darwin's Flycatcher, San Cristobal Flycatcher

Pyrocephalus nanus

Identification

13-14 cm
Male is dark, almost black on upperside and mask around eyes and lore. Crown usually scarlet becoming less brilliantly red going down the underside. Female is darkest on tail, becoming greyish-brown on back and mantle and greyish with brown wash on crown. She has whitish throat and supercilium giving a hint of the mask seen in the male. Underside yellowish with faint darker grey streaks.

Female
Photo © by Beth Goetzman
Floreana Island, Galapagos, Ecuador, 05 August 2012

Juveniles not clearly described but presumably those similar to females with the strongest underside streaking are this.

Similar species

Male is pretty unique within range, female could be mistaking for Galapagos Flycatcher if seen poorly.

Distribution

Galapagos Islands where getting rarer. The subspecies on San Cristobal seems to be extinct. Threatened by habitat loss and a number of introduced species including the parasitic fly Philornis downsi.

Taxonomy

Formerly included in Vermilion Flycatcher.

Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized[1]; each of these are recognized as a full species by IOC[2].

  • P. n. nanus: - Darwin's Flycatcher
  • P. n. dubius - San Cristobal Flycatcher

Habitat

Associated with trees and bushes in forest and edge; mostly found in higher elevation areas except on uninhabited islets.

Behaviour

Nests in trees and bushes.

Food is captured with the bird sitting on a perch until seeing a prey; these consists of insects and similar invertebrates.

Vocalisation

Extant Galapagos birds repeats a single note with some interval.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2022. IOC World Bird List (v 12.1 DRAFT). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.12.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  3. Ellison, K., B. O. Wolf, and S. L. Jones (2021). Brujo Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus nanus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.brufly1.01
  4. SACC proposal to split Vermilion Flycatcher into several species

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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