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Black Storm Petrel - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 15:34, 10 February 2022 by Sbarnhardt (talk | contribs) (Amend Gsearch for new system, Add Gsearch Checked template)
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Photo by Glen Tepke
Photo taken in Pacific west of Carmel, California, USA, August 2003
Hydrobates melania

Oceanodroma melania

Identification

Length 9" (23 cm), wingspan 19-22" (48-56 cm). Largest dark storm-petrel in range. Dark blackish brown overall with lighter carpal bars. Very long, pointed wings.

Distribution

Breeds on islands off California and Baja; ranges to Peru

Yellow category on the Audubon Watchlist.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.[1]

Habitat

Pelagic when not breeding.

Behaviour

Slow, deep wingbeats, glides often.

Breeding

It nests in rock crevices, sometimes in burrows. The single egg is incubated by both adults for about 50 days. The chick fledging after 10 weeks. The adults visit the nest nocturnally to avoid predation.

Diet

The diet includes mainly planktonic crustaceans, also small fish and offal.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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