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White-vented Euphonia - BirdForum Opus

Adult male, Subspecies minuta
Photo © by Anselmo d Affonseca
Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil, 15 September 2012
Euphonia minuta


9 cm (3½ in)

  • Blue black upperparts head, throat and upper chest
  • Yellow forehead
  • White belly and crissum


  • Olive above
  • Olive-yellow breast band and flanks
  • Whitish belly and crissum


Central and South America
Central America: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil


Immature male, subspecies humilis
Photo © by ramontranquilo
Bastimentos Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama, 7 September 2010


There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • E. m. humilis:
  • Gulf slope of south-eastern Mexico (south-eastern Chiapas) to western Ecuador
  • E. m. minuta:


Humid and wet lowland forests and forest edges. Occasionally observed in the canopy.



Their main diet consists of mistletoe berries, with the addition of other small fruit and insects.


Adult male, subspecies humilis
Photo © by ramontranquilo
Bastimentos Island, Bocas del Toro, Panama, 8 May 2010

They build a spherical nest with a small circular entrance. They may have a second brood.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Arthur Grosset
  4. Hilty, S. (2019). White-vented Euphonia (Euphonia minuta). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61800 on 4 August 2019).
  5. Schulenberg, T. S. & Stotz, D. F. & Lane, D. F. & O'Neill, J. P. & Parker III, T. A. & Egg, A. B. (2010). Birds of Peru: Revised and Updated Edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691130231
  6. White-vented Euphonia (Euphonia minuta), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/whveup1
  7. Zuccon, Dario; Prys-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581ñ596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825.

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