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White-bellied Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Romy Ocon
Photo taken: Subic rainforest, Zambales province, Philippines.
Dryocopus javensis


Large size with black plumage and white belly together with red nuchal crest diagnostic. Male - Crown and crest red. Has red malar stripes. Female - Lacks red malar stripes. Size-43cm.


The Indian sub-continent, China, and Korea, south to S.E.Asia, the Greater Sundas, Bali and the Philippines.



Fifteen subspecies are recognized[1].

  • D. j. hodgsonii - Peninsular India
  • D. j. richardsi - Korea; extinct on Tsushima I. (Japan)
  • D. j. forresti - Montane forests of northern Myanmar and adjacent sw China
  • D. j. feddeni - Thailand, Myanmar and Indochina
  • D. j. javensis - Southern Thailand and Malay Peninsula to Greater Sundas and offshore islands
  • D. j. parvus - Simeulue I. (off northwest Sumatra)
  • D. j. hargitti - Palawan (sw Philippines)
  • D. j. esthloterus - northern Luzon (northern Philippines)
  • D. j. confusus - central and southern Luzon (northern Philippines)
  • D. j. pectoralis - Philippines (Leyte, Samar, Panaon, Calicoan and Bohol)
  • D. j. multilunatus - S Philippines (Basilan, Dinagat and Mindanao)
  • D. j. suluensis - Sulu Archipelago
  • D. j. philippinensis - Philippines (Panay, Negros, Masbate and Guimaras)
  • D. j. cebuensis - Formerly Cebu (central Philippines). Extinct
  • D. j. mindorensis - Mindoro (Philippines)


Forests, the forest edges, mangroves and plantations.


Frequents the canopy and middle storey, solitary or in pairs. Noisy and conspicuous. "Drums" loudly.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1