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Three-toed Jacamar - BirdForum Opus

Jacamaralcyon tridactyla
Photo by Ciro Albano
Balbina Forest, Bandeira, State of Minas Gerais, Northeast, Brazil October, 2009


18 cm

  • Dull olivaceous plumage
  • Long slender blackish bill
  • Dark grey upperparts glossed green
  • White breast and lower belly
  • Olivaceous-grey flanks and vent
  • Blackish throat
  • Brown face
  • Buffy streaking on crown
  • White malar streaks
  • Long tail
  • Dusky wings


Lowlands of south-eastern Brazil (Minas Gerais to Paraná)


This is a monotypic species[1].


Dry lowland Atlantic forests and fragmented forest; savannah grasslands with wooded copses. Also open fields and tree-lined roads.


Usually seen in small groups, partially concealed and perched motionless in subcanopy. In an area with exposed mud banks.


The diet includes insects.


They nest in earth bank cavities beside streams and roadcuttings.


Complex series of ascending whistles mixed with raspy notes, often delivered in groups. Also wheet call.


  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. BirdLife International
  3. BF Member observations

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