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Sulawesi Hanging Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Great Hanging Parrot; Maroon-rumped Hanging-parrot

Loriculus stigmatus


Male feeding a juvenile
Photo by mehdhalaouate
North Sulawesi, Indonesia, June 2004

15 cm. With Sula Hanging Parrot the largest Hanging Parrot.

  • Overall green plumage
  • Underparts more yellowish
  • Bill black
  • Cere bright (male) or duller (female) orange
  • Forehead to mid-crown (most of crown) dull red (male) or green (female)
  • Throat with extensive (male) or reduced (female) dull red
  • Iris pale (male) or dark (female)
  • Nape and mantle with orange tinge
  • Carpal edge of wing red
  • Rump and uppertail-coverts maroon
  • Tip of undertail bluish
  • Legs bright (male) or duller (female) orange

Immatures are similar to females but with a yellowish throat patch and wing edge.

Similar species

The only other Hanging Parrot on Sulawesi is Pygmy Hanging Parrot. It has a red bill and lacks the red patch on the head. Other hanging parrots are very similar but allopatric (Loriculus).


Endemic to Sulawesi and adjacent islands. South East Asia: Indonesia: Greater Sundas. Widespread and common in most of its range.


Clements[1] regards this species as monotypic. Gill and Donsker[2] and HBW[3] however recognize three subspecies:

  • L. s. stigmatus on Sulawesi
  • L. s. quadricolor on Togian Island
  • L. s. croconotus on Muna Island and Butung Island


Moist lowland forests, mangrove forests, forest edge, scrub and moist montanes. Occurs from sea-level up to 1000 m.



Feeds on nectar from different flowers and on soft fruits like figs and Tamarindus.


Breeding recorded from January to February, April to June and in August. The nest is placed in a hole in a broken tree-trunk or in a bamboo. Two youngs recorded on one occasion.


Migratory or nomadic. In southern Sulawesi most numerous from October to December.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.4). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2014)

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