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Straight-billed Woodcreeper - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by Francisco Paludo
Arajara Park, Barbalha, CE, Brasil, July, 2017
Dendroplex picus

Xiphorhynchus picus


20cm. Straight bill that varies in color among subspecies, rufous-chestnut above, dusky crown, rear lower body brownish which becomes increasingly scaly in buff-white spots going towards the front of the bird (sometimes ordered as streaks), and in many subspecies, the head and throat appears mostly white with white supercilium. Juvenile darker, with more diffuse spotting.


Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.


This species has been moved from the genus Xiphorhynchus to the genus Dendroplex.[1][2]

Thirteen subspecies are recognized.


Forests and mangrove forests; also arid scrubland.


It nests in a tree cavity or aboral termite mound and 2-3 eggs are laid.


  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  4. SACC proposal to transfer this species to genus Dendroplex.

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