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Spix's Guan - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Sungrebe
Photo taken: Location: Peruvian Amazonia, Peru.
Penelope jacquacu


71 - 81cm (28-32in) Dark olive-brown to bronzy bluish-green above, with feathers of mantle and breast edged white. Lower breast and belly rufous brown. Bushy crest ; pink-crimson dewlap ; legs salmon red. Sexes similar.
The only LARGE, BROWN cracid in Amazonia.


Graphic by Nrg800
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela. Population stable: not threatened, listed in the IUCN redbook as a species of least concern.


Named after Johann Baptist von Spix , German naturalist and taxonomist.

Four subspecies are recognized:[1]


Moist lowland forests up to 1500m. They prefer humid forest, but adapt well to less densely forested areas such as edges of woodlands and in clearings with scattered trees.


Primarily arboreal, the birds usually roam singly or in pairs, but not in groups, keeping to the mid-canopy and rarely coming to the ground.

  • Diet: Primarily plant matter, such as fruits, young leaves and shoots and seeds.
  • Breeding: Mating main display comprises wing rattling and a loud raucous crowing, just before dawn and at dusk. They nest in trees, about 15 feet up, in nests made mostly of leaves. Guans lay three to four eggs.


  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.

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