• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Rufous Wren - BirdForum Opus

Cinnycerthia unirufa
Photo © by njlarsen
Tapichalaca, Zamora-Chinchipe, SE Ecuador, 13 June 2019


16 cm

  • Rufous all over except for dark lores and inconspicuous, thin black bars on tail and supposedly wings
  • Black, slightly down-curved bill

Similar species

Rufous Wren and Rufous Spinetail occur in the same habitat and can look surprisingly similar on photos - notice the difference in shape of bill and tail. Even more difficult can be the separation of Sharpe's Wren where they both occur, with Sharpe's being duller and usually occurring at lower elevation.


Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela.


Three subspecies are recognized[1]

  • C. u. unirufa
    • Andes of ne Colombia and extreme w Venezuela (Táchira)
  • C. u. unibrunnea
    • Central Andes of Colombia to Ecuador and extreme n Peru
  • C. u. chakei
    • Perijá Mts. (Colombia/Venezuela border)


Undergrowth of forest and edges at higher elevation, 2200–3800 m asl. Seems partial to Bamboo.


Frequently occurs in groups, and may also seem to associate with mixed species flocks. Spends most of their time crawling among branches and vines.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

External Links