- Columbina talpacoti
Adult male 15–18 cm (6-7 in)
- Pale grey head and neck
- Rufous upperparts
- Black spots on wing coverts
- Underparts are paler brown
- Tail is edged black
- Underwings are cinnamon and black
Female 14–18 cm (5½-7 in)
Greyish-brown (as opposed to the rufous colouring of the male); there is also less contrast between head and body.
Four subspecies are recognized:
- C. t. eluta:
- Coastal western Mexico (northern Sinaloa to Chiapas)
- C. t. rufipennis:
- C. t. caucae:
- Western Colombia (Cauca Valley)
- C. t. talpacoti:
Scrub and open country, including cultivation.
Their main diet consists of seeds.
A cup-shaped nest is built in a tree. The clutch consists of 2 white eggs, which are incubated for 12-13 days. The chicks fledge after 12-14 days.
There may be two further broods.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Hart, J. A. (2020). Ruddy Ground Dove (Columbina talpacoti), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.rugdov.01
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2023) Ruddy Ground Dove. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 30 November 2023 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Ruddy_Ground_Dove
GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1