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Puerto Rican Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by njlarsen
El Yunque, Puerto Rico, 21 July 2007
Icterus portoricensis



  • Black
  • Yellow on rump, vent and shoulders


Non-descript buffy-brownish and can be confusing compared to both adults and other oriole species.

Similar species

The least yellow on rump, with upper rump black compared to other species of the Greater Antillean Oriole complex.


Endemic to Puerto Rico.

Seems sensitive to nest predation by Shiny Cowbird, so far with the most severe consequences in Bahamas where the bird is threatened.


This is a monotypic species.
It was formerly a part of Greater Antillean Oriole.


Often found near palms from sea level up to mid elevation.


Palms are used both for nesting and for foraging. Food includes fruit, nectar, insects, and flowers.

Song activity just after dawn but is not common.


  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Thread in the Taxonomy forum discussing the possible splitting of this species
  3. This page at Birdlife International relates a proposal to split all four Greater Antillean Orioles into separate species, and raise concern for the Bahamas form
  4. 51st supplement to the AOU checklist of North American birds

Recommended Citation

External Links

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