|This article is incomplete.
This article is missing one or more sections. You can help the BirdForum Opus by expanding it.
Alternative name: Brown-throated Martin
- Riparia paludicola
Small hirundine with character and behaviour of Sand Martin, but rather more compact form. Both upperparts and underparts duller than Sand Martin, contrasting less and no chest-band. Sexes similar, no seasonal variation. The color of the underpart vary geographically, varying from white to brownish.
Large range in tropical Africa.
Seven subspecies accepted:
- R. p. mauritanica in western Morocco
- R. p. minor from West Africa to Sudan and northeast Ethiopia
- R. p. schoensis in the Highlands of Ethiopia
- R. p. newtoni from eastern Nigeria to western Cameroon
- R. p. ducis from eastern Zaire to Uganda, Kenya and central Tanzania
- R. p. paludicola from Angola to Zambia, southern Tanzania and South Africa
- R. p. cowani in Madagascar
Grey-throated Martin was formerly included in this species.
Breeds in winter (November-December). Nest in excavated tunnel in river or gorge bank. 2-6 white eggs. Male and female incubate both during 12 days. In Morocco extended range espcially when water is abudant.