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Pine Warbler - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by KC Foggin
Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, September 2017
Setophaga pinus

Dendroica pinus


Immature female
Photo © by David Roach
Wakodahatchee Wetlands, Florida, December 2018

5 1/2 in (14 cm)

  • Unstreaked olive above
  • Yellow throat and breast
  • Blurry streaking below
  • White belly
  • Inconspicuous eye stripe
  • Two white wing bars

Female and immature similar but duller; often lack yellowish colour on breast.
Immature's upperparts are olive-brown. Throat and breast are paler.


Eastern North America from southeastern corner of Manitoba, northern Minnesota, and northern and central Wisconsin east to Pennsylvania, New York and New England; scattered throughout much of the midwest; and from eastern Texas and Oklahoma east to New Jersey and south to Florida. Rare vagrant in the western United States.
Also found on the Bahamas and Hispaniola.


Formerly placed in genus Dendroica.


Photo © by the late Donny Taylor
Wayne County, North Carolina, November 2019

There are 4 subspecies1:

  • S. p. achrustera - breeds in the Bahamas
  • S. p. chrysoleuca - breeds on Hispaniola
  • S. p. florida - breeds in peninsular Florida
  • S. p. pinus - breeds throughout the n.e. United States north of peninsular Florida


Pine forests. In migration often found at feeders.



They build nests deep, open cup shaped, placed near the end of a tree branch, preferably pine trees


Includes insects, seeds and berries


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dunn, Jon; Garrett, Kimball. 1997. A Field Guide to Warblers of North America. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 9780395783214

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.