• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Moluccan Dwarf Kingfisher - BirdForum Opus

ssp. uropygialis. Photo by THE_FERN
Pak Roji's, Halmahera, North Maluku, July 2023
Ceyx lepidus

Includes: Seram Dwarf Kingfisher, North Moluccan Dwarf-Kingfisher, Halmahera Dwarf-Kingfisher


11-13 cm (4¼-5 in); A very tiny kingfisher.

  • White bar on neck side
  • Orange loral spot

Sexes are alike.


South-east Asia: found in the Moluccas (except Buru), Indonesia.


Formerly included in Variable Dwarf Kingfisher. Some authorities have treated the two subspecies as full species.


ssp. uropygialis. Photo by Mark Harper
East Halmahera, North Maluku, September 2016

Two subspecies are recognized[1].

  • C. l. uropygialis on Obi, Bisa, Bacan, Ternate, Halmahera, Tidore and Morotai
  • C. l. lepidus on Ambon, Ambelau, Seram, Saparua, Seram Laut and Watubela


As most of the kingfisher species this bird is solitary and often more heard than seen near streams and rivers. The nest is a hole dug in the banks.



Feeds on insects captured in flight, spiders and crickets.


The nest is usually at the end of a short tunnel in a stream bank.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2022. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2022. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.1)_red. Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.1. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

Recommended Citation

External Links